...one of the most highly
regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the
world.

— Herb Sutter and Andrei
Alexandrescu, C++
Coding Standards

The **MRT** algorithm, based on an academic article of **Minty**, **Read** and
**Tarjan**, is an efficient algorithm for the common spanning tree problem.

This kind of algorithm is widely used in electronics, being the basis of the
analysis of electrical circuits. Another area of interest may be that of the
networking.

The proposed algorithm receives several arguments and works with callbacks.

The prototypes are:

*// Ordered Edges List*

template < typename Graph, typename Order, typename Func, typename Seq > void two_graphs_common_spanning_trees ( const Graph& iG, Order iG_map, const Graph& vG, Order vG_map, Func func, Seq inL )

template < typename Graph, typename Func, typename Seq > void two_graphs_common_spanning_trees ( const Graph& iG, const Graph& vG, Func func, Seq inL )

The problem of common spanning tree is easily described.

Imagine we have two graphs that are represented as lists of edges. A common
spanning tree is a set of indices that identifies a spanning tree for both
the first and for the second of the two graphs. Despite it is easily accomplished
with edge list representation for graphs, it is intuitively difficult to achieve
with adjacency list representation. This is due to the fact that it is necessary
to represent an edge with an absolute index.

Note that the set of common spanning trees of the two graphs is a subset of the set of spanning trees of the first graph, as well as those of the second graph.

`boost/graph/two_graphs_common_spanning_trees.hpp`

These are the graphs to be analyzed.

They must comply with the concepts VertexAndEdgeListGraphConcept and IncidenceGraphConcept.

In addition, the directed_category should be of type undirected_tag.

These are lists of references to edges, that define the preferred order for access to the lists of edges.

They must comply with the concept RandomAccessContainer.

This is a callback that is invoked by the algorithm for each common spanning tree found.

It must comply with the concept UnaryFunction with void as return value, and an object of typetypeof(inL)as argument.

This is the way in which the edges are marked as belonging to the common spanning tree.

It must comply with the concept Mutable_RandomAccessContainer. In addition, the value_type should be of type bool. If the i-th edge orinL[i]is true, then it belongs to the common spanning tree, otherwise it does not belong.

The file
`examples/two_graphs_common_spanning_trees.cpp`
contains an example of finding common spanning trees of two undirected graphs.

[1]

The presence of *inL* may seem senseless. The algorithm can use a vector of
placeholders internally generated. However, doing so has more flexibility on
the callback function. Moreover, being largely involved in the electronics
world, there are cases where some edges have to be forced in every tree (ie
you want to search all the trees that have the same root): With this
solution, the problem is easily solved.

Intuitively from the above, *inL* must be of a size equal to *(V-1)*, where
*V* is the number of vertices of the graph.

Copyright © 2012 | Michele Caini, (michele.caini@gmail.com) |