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//  Copyright John Maddock 2006.
//  Use, modification and distribution are subject to the
//  Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying file
//  LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at


#ifdef _MSC_VER
#pragma once

#include <boost/math/special_functions/math_fwd.hpp>
#include <boost/math/special_functions/factorials.hpp>
#include <boost/math/special_functions/beta.hpp>
#include <boost/math/policies/error_handling.hpp>
#include <type_traits>

namespace boost{ namespace math{

template <class T, class Policy>
T binomial_coefficient(unsigned n, unsigned k, const Policy& pol)
   static_assert(!std::is_integral<T>::value, "Type T must not be an integral type");
   static const char* function = "boost::math::binomial_coefficient<%1%>(unsigned, unsigned)";
   if(k > n)
      return policies::raise_domain_error<T>(
         "The binomial coefficient is undefined for k > n, but got k = %1%.",
         static_cast<T>(k), pol);
   T result;
   if((k == 0) || (k == n))
      return static_cast<T>(1);
   if((k == 1) || (k == n-1))
      return static_cast<T>(n);

   if(n <= max_factorial<T>::value)
      // Use fast table lookup:
      result = unchecked_factorial<T>(n);
      result /= unchecked_factorial<T>(n-k);
      result /= unchecked_factorial<T>(k);
      // Use the beta function:
      if(k < n - k)
         result = static_cast<T>(k * beta(static_cast<T>(k), static_cast<T>(n-k+1), pol));
         result = static_cast<T>((n - k) * beta(static_cast<T>(k+1), static_cast<T>(n-k), pol));
      if(result == 0)
         return policies::raise_overflow_error<T>(function, nullptr, pol);
      result = 1 / result;
   // convert to nearest integer:
   return ceil(result - 0.5f);
// Type float can only store the first 35 factorials, in order to
// increase the chance that we can use a table driven implementation
// we'll promote to double:
template <>
inline float binomial_coefficient<float, policies::policy<> >(unsigned n, unsigned k, const policies::policy<>&)
   typedef policies::normalise<
       policies::assert_undefined<> >::type forwarding_policy;
   return policies::checked_narrowing_cast<float, forwarding_policy>(binomial_coefficient<double>(n, k, forwarding_policy()), "boost::math::binomial_coefficient<%1%>(unsigned,unsigned)");

template <class T>
inline T binomial_coefficient(unsigned n, unsigned k)
   return binomial_coefficient<T>(n, k, policies::policy<>());

} // namespace math
} // namespace boost