An array is a data structure consisting of a two-element tuple.
The first element is the number of elements in the array.
The second element is another tuple of the elements in the array.
(3, (a, b, c))
...is an array of 3 elements--a, b, and
The primary strength of arrays is that they store their own
size. Because of this, access to elements does not require the
size. It only requires that an element exists at a certain index.
This allows macro parameters to be variable in size and allows data
states to change size without the user explicitly keeping track of the
An array can be empty and have no elements. An empty array has a
0 size. The notation for an empty array is '(0,())'.
A tuple has all of the
functionality as an array, knows its own size, and is easier
syntactically to use. The only advantage an array has over a tuple
is that an array can be empty while a tuple always
has at least one element and therefore can never have a size of 0.
Elements of an array can be extracted with BOOST_PP_ARRAY_ELEM,
an array's size can be extracted with BOOST_PP_ARRAY_SIZE,
and an array can be converted to the more primitive tuple
data structure with BOOST_PP_ARRAY_DATA.