Boost C++ Libraries

...one of the most highly regarded and expertly designed C++ library projects in the world.

This is the documentation for an old version of Boost. Click here to view this page for the latest version.

boost/algorithm/algorithm.hpp

```/*
Copyright (c) Marshall Clow 2014.

Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying

Revision history:
2 Dec 2014 mtc First version; power

*/

/// \file algorithm.hpp
/// \brief Misc Algorithms
/// \author Marshall Clow
///

#ifndef BOOST_ALGORITHM_HPP
#define BOOST_ALGORITHM_HPP

#include <functional> // for plus and multiplies

#include <boost/config.hpp>
#include <boost/core/enable_if.hpp> // for boost::disable_if
#include <boost/type_traits/is_integral.hpp>

namespace boost { namespace algorithm {

template <typename T>
BOOST_CXX14_CONSTEXPR T identity_operation ( std::multiplies<T> ) { return T(1); }

template <typename T>
BOOST_CXX14_CONSTEXPR T identity_operation ( std::plus<T> ) { return T(0); }

/// \fn power ( T x, Integer n )
/// \return the value "x" raised to the power "n"
///
/// \param x     The value to be exponentiated
/// \param n     The exponent (must be >= 0)
///
//  \remark Taken from Knuth, The Art of Computer Programming, Volume 2:
//  Seminumerical Algorithms, Section 4.6.3
template <typename T, typename Integer>
BOOST_CXX14_CONSTEXPR typename boost::enable_if<boost::is_integral<Integer>, T>::type
power (T x, Integer n) {
T y = 1; // Should be "T y{1};"
if (n == 0) return y;
while (true) {
if (n % 2 == 1) {
y = x * y;
if (n == 1)
return y;
}
n = n / 2;
x = x * x;
}
return y;
}

/// \fn power ( T x, Integer n, Operation op )
/// \return the value "x" raised to the power "n"
/// using the operation "op".
///
/// \param x     The value to be exponentiated
/// \param n     The exponent (must be >= 0)
/// \param op    The operation used
///
//  \remark Taken from Knuth, The Art of Computer Programming, Volume 2:
//  Seminumerical Algorithms, Section 4.6.3
template <typename T, typename Integer, typename Operation>
BOOST_CXX14_CONSTEXPR typename boost::enable_if<boost::is_integral<Integer>, T>::type
power (T x, Integer n, Operation op) {
T y = identity_operation(op);
if (n == 0) return y;
while (true) {
if (n % 2 == 1) {
y = op(x, y);
if (n == 1)
return y;
}
n = n / 2;
x = op(x, x);
}
return y;
}

}}

#endif // BOOST_ALGORITHM_HPP
```