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Spirit is a header file only library. There are no libraries to link to. This section documents the structure of the Spirit headers.

Spirit contains five sub-libraries plus a 'support' module where common support classes are placed:

The top Spirit directory is:


Currently, the directory contains:

[actor]     [attribute]     [core]      [debug]
[dynamic]   [error_handling][home]      [include]
[iterator]  [meta]          [phoenix]   [repository]
[symbols]   [tree]          [utility]

These include some old v1.8 directories that are now deprecated. These are: actor, attribute, core, debug, dynamic, error_handling, iterator, meta, phoenix, symbols, tree and utility. There is no guarantee that these directories will still be present in future versions of Spirit. We only keep them for backward compatibility. Please be warned.

Each directory (except include, home, and repository) has a corresponding header file that contains forwarding includes of each relevant include file that the directory contains. For example, there exists a <boost/spirit/actor.hpp> header file which includes all the relevant files from the boost/spirit/actor directory.

To distinguish between Spirit versions, you can inspect the version file:


using the preprocessor define


It is a hex number where the first two digits determine the major version while the last two digits determine the minor version. For example:

#define SPIRIT_VERSION 0x2010 // version 2.1

The include directory at:


is a special flat directory that contains all the Spirit headers. To accommodate the flat structure, the headers are prefixed with the sub-library name:

For example, if you used to include <boost/spirit/actor.hpp>, which is now a deprecated header, you should instead include <boost/spirit/include/classic_actor.hpp>

If you want to simply include the main sub-library name, then you can include:

The home directory:


is the real home of Spirit. It is the place where the various sub-libraries actually exist. The home directory contains:

[classic]   [karma]     [lex]
[qi]        [support]

As usual, these directories have their corresponding include files:

The various sub-libraries include files can be found in each sub-directory containing the particular sub-library. The include structure of a sub-library is covered in its documentation. For consistency, each library follows the same scheme as above.

To keep it simple, you should use the flat include directory at boost/spirit/include.

For some additional information about the rationale you might want to have a look at the FAQ entry Header Hell.

The subdirectory boost/spirit/repository does not belong to the main Spirit distribution. For more information please refer to: Spirit Repository.