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This is very similar to eager<T> , except that execution of the lazy<T> returning function suspends immediately. Functions which return lazy<T> are therefore suitable for tasks which you need to instantiate right now, but whose execution will occur elsewhere e.g. in a separate kernel thread. Because of the very common use case of using worker threads to execute the body of lazily executed coroutines, most people will want to use atomic_lazy<T> instead of lazy<T>.

atomic_lazy<T> is like lazy<T>, except that the setting of the coroutine result performs an atomic release, whilst the checking of whether the coroutine has finished is an atomic acquire.

lazy<T> has similar semantics to std::lazy<T>, which is being standardised. See Add lazy coroutine (coroutine task) type.

Example of use (must be called from within a coroutinised function):

lazy<int> func(int x)
  co_return x + 1;
// Always suspends perhaps causing other coroutines to execute, then resumes.
int r = co_await func(5);

lazy<T> has special semantics if T is a type capable of constructing from an exception_ptr or error_code – any exceptions thrown during the function’s body are sent via T, preferably via the error code route if error_from_exception( ) successfully matches the exception throw. This means that a basic_result<T, E, NoValuePolicy> or basic_outcome<T, EC, EP, NoValuePolicy> where one of its types is is compatible will have its .error() or .exception() set.

Note that lazy<T> does not otherwise transport exception throws, and rethrows any exceptions thrown within the coroutine body through the coroutine machinery. This does not produce reliable consequences in current C++ compilers. You should therefore wrap the coroutine body in a try...catch if T is not able to transport exceptions on its own.

Requires: C++ coroutines to be available in your compiler.

Namespace: BOOST_OUTCOME_V2_NAMESPACE::awaitables

Header: <boost/outcome/coroutine_support.hpp>

Last revised: October 04, 2019 at 15:58:37 +0100

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